How To Manage Future Flying Car Traffic?

In this paper, we present a comprehensive overview of the capabilities, requirements, implementable regulations and governance of aircraft technology and advise on how to dictate future tests, evaluations, validations and deployment of this technology. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a successful regulatory system for conventional aircraft for pilot licenses, aircraft certification and registration, runways, airports and air traffic control mechanisms. Aviation regulations require the FAA to have a conservative safety management system (Federal Aviation Administration, 2016) that effectively regulates and controls the risk management (Del Balzo, 2016). 

For starters, the Federal Aviation Administration has not yet overturned rules that keep drones out of operator "sight" and it will have to figure out how to launch drone deliveries in the United States. As soon as they occur, the authorities will have to develop a new low-altitude air traffic control system which will be an order of magnitude more complex than the system that rules air traffic. In anticipation of the introduction of flying cars, traffic control systems must take into account the additional complications and the path to controlling human flight will be more difficult and more time-consuming than smaller drones (Stewart, 2018). 

The whole point of drone delivery is that a human is doing the work and a person sitting next to it and watching a robot fly would frustrate that purpose. 

Rideshare services that want to integrate VTOLs into their fleet will want to maximise the passenger capacity of these vehicles. While VTOL-flying vehicles may be feasible for short inner-city trips and pizza delivery, they will not solve the energy crisis. Flying is not as inefficient as birds flying across a continent to eat. 

Maximizing this will reduce the number of vehicles on the road, resulting in less car pollution and a cleaner environment. Several logistical hurdles must be overcome before flying cars can be implemented, with regulatory and safety issues at the top of the list. 

Advocates argue that flying cars would bring broad public benefits, including less congestion on the roads and the ability to appreciate access to an additional mode of transport, even though most people never or rarely use it. The advantages of flying cars could benefit the lucky few who can afford them as well as the network of private industry that would build, operate and maintain the vehicles and associated systems. VTOL boosters have reason to believe that flying cars will improve terrestrial mobility. 

Flying cars will be greener than electric SUVs, reducing emissions and traffic on busy roads, according to a new study published in Nature Journeys. But the gap between the required technology and practical uncertainties about the cars promised might mean that flying cars may not arrive in time to be a major solution to the energy crisis and congestion. 

These revolutionary vehicles expected to be a combination of passenger drones and conventional flying cars are controlled by licensed pilots, though they will become autonomous over time. In the United States, for example, the FAA is considering expanding the commercial operation of drones to visually control airspace - an advance that could be a starting point for regulatory regulations on passenger drones, flying cars and revolutionary vehicles. 

A robust air traffic management system must be in place to ensure safe and efficient operation of passenger drones and flying cars that meet the FAA requirements and the European Aviation Safety Agency requirements. To achieve this, industry leaders and manufacturers need to agree on a reliable framework for traffic management that can be integrated with other modes of transport, particularly in urban areas. 

NASA recently signed their second space agreement with Uber and officials say the agreement is that Uber will develop an air traffic control system for a future flying service called Uber Elevate, also known as UberAir, the first of which will focus on simulating a model UAM operations. NASA officials say their research will help identify safety issues for future air transportation projects. Most of these plans will have autonomous controls, but they will still be piloted for safety reasons. 

Over a distance of 100 km, an electric flying vehicle is 35% more efficient than a petrol car (with the same number of passengers) and twice as efficient as an electric road car. Flying cars are battery-powered electric vehicles, which are mostly hybrid vehicles, such as the TF-X flying car developed by Terrafugia. The concept of the flying car Uber Air is a good idea for traffic in congested cities like L.A. or for providing a taxi service in the MAAs. 

Because flying cars consist of blades and rotors that provide lift, they do not require as much space as airplanes. It can be assumed that flying cars will serve as taxi services along predefined air corridors and will probably carry more people. 

Vertical propellers generate propulsion to move the flying car, called thrust. Flying cars can be maneuvered by an air traffic controller like a drone or an airplane. 

Vertical take-off and landing aircraft (VTOLs), i.e. Road vehicles that transform into winged aircraft, are gaining popularity and becoming more and more mainstream. VTOLs are smaller in size than commercial aircraft. 

A review by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has identified 20 small aircraft that are either in production, development or flight certification. The MIT study points out that not all of these vehicles are flying cars, some are vertical-takeoff drones and multicopters, and others have foldable wings that require a runway. Figure 1 lists and compares the major aircraft, passenger and drone manufacturers and their proposed vehicles. 

After five years, the 2018 US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Reauthorization Act of 2018, which entered into force on October 5, reaffirmed controversial rules that the FAA considers crucial to its ability to regulate drone traffic, approved funding plans for drone specific additions and created an air traffic control system to track traditional aircraft and the growing number of commercial unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs ). It's been a year or more since the FAA changed its rules, but Amazon and others still hope to deliver products by drone.

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